How to Install Open Jdk 11 in Linux?


Installing OpenJDK 11 on your Linux system is a fundamental step for Java developers and enthusiasts. OpenJDK 11 is a free and open-source implementation of the Java Platform, making it a popular choice for building and running Java applications. In this guide, we will walk you through the installation process and provide valuable insights into setting up your environment for Java development.

How to Install OpenJDK 11 in Linux?

What is OpenJDK 11?

OpenJDK 11 is a well-established version of the Java Development Kit, offering stability and compatibility with a wide range of Java applications. Its open-source nature allows developers to access and modify the source code, making it a versatile choice for various Linux distributions.

Benefits of Using OpenJDK 11

Before we delve into the installation process, let’s explore the benefits of choosing OpenJDK 11 for your Java development needs:

  • Compatibility: OpenJDK 11 ensures compatibility with Java applications across different platforms.
  • Security Updates: Regular updates and security patches keep your Java environment secure.
  • Community Support: A thriving community provides support and resources for troubleshooting.

Now that you understand the advantages of OpenJDK 11, let’s proceed with the installation.

Preparing Your Linux System

Checking Your Linux Version

Before installing OpenJDK 11, it’s crucial to determine your Linux distribution and version. Different distributions may require slightly different installation methods.

To check your Linux version, open a terminal and enter the following command:

lsb_release -a

This command will display detailed information about your Linux distribution, including its release number.

Updating Your System

Ensure your Linux system is up to date by running the following commands:

sudo apt update     # For Debian/Ubuntu
sudo yum update    # For CentOS/Fedora

This step is essential to prevent any compatibility issues during the installation process.

Downloading OpenJDK 11

Finding the Official OpenJDK 11 Release

The official OpenJDK website is the most reliable source for downloading OpenJDK 11. Visit the website and look for the latest release of OpenJDK 11.

Alternative Sources for Downloading

In addition to the official website, some Linux distributions provide OpenJDK packages in their repositories. You can use your package manager to install OpenJDK 11. However, the official website is recommended for the latest version and updates.

Installing OpenJDK 11

Using Package Manager (APT/YUM)

If your Linux distribution supports APT (Debian/Ubuntu) or YUM (CentOS/Fedora), you can use the package manager to install OpenJDK 11 effortlessly. Here are the commands for both package managers:

For Debian/Ubuntu:

sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk

For CentOS/Fedora:

sudo yum install java-11-openjdk-devel

The package manager will automatically download and install OpenJDK 11 and its dependencies.

Manual Installation

If your distribution doesn’t support the package manager or you prefer manual installation, you can download the OpenJDK 11 binary from the official website and install it manually. Follow the provided installation instructions on the website for your specific Linux distribution.

Setting Up Environment Variables

To ensure that your Linux system uses the newly installed OpenJDK 11, you need to set up environment variables.

Configuring JAVA_HOME

The JAVA_HOME environment variable points to the directory where Java is installed. Open your terminal and run the following command:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64  # Adjust the path accordingly

Adding Java to Your PATH

To make Java commands accessible from any directory, add the bin directory to your PATH environment variable:

export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin

These configurations ensure that your system uses OpenJDK 11 for Java-related tasks.

Verifying the Installation

After setting up OpenJDK 11, it’s crucial to verify that the installation was successful.

Checking Java Version

To check the installed Java version, use the following command:

java -version

You should see output displaying the OpenJDK version you installed.

Running a Simple Java Program

Test your installation by running a basic Java program:

public class HelloWorld {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Hello, OpenJDK 11!");

Compile and run the program using the following commands:

java HelloWorld

If you see the “Hello, OpenJDK 11!” message, your installation is successful.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

While installing OpenJDK 11, you may encounter common issues. Here are some solutions to address them:

Permissions Errors

If you encounter permission errors during installation, use the sudo command to run installation commands with administrative privileges.

JAVA_HOME Configuration Issues

Double-check the JAVA_HOME configuration and ensure that it points to the correct Java installation directory.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is OpenJDK 11?

OpenJDK 11 is a free and open-source implementation of the Java Platform, offering stability and compatibility for Java applications.

Can I Install OpenJDK 11 on Any Linux Distro?

Yes, you can install OpenJDK 11 on most Linux distributions. However, the installation method may vary slightly depending on your distro.

How Do I Switch Between Multiple JDK Versions?

You can use the update-alternatives command on Debian-based systems to switch between multiple JDK versions. For other distributions, consult their documentation.

Is OpenJDK 11 Suitable for Production Use?

Yes, OpenJDK 11 is suitable for production use and is widely adopted for developing and running Java applications in various industries.

What Are the Alternatives to OpenJDK 11?

Some alternatives to OpenJDK 11 include Oracle JDK, AdoptOpenJDK, and Amazon Corretto. However, OpenJDK 11 is a popular choice due to its open-source nature.

How Do I Uninstall OpenJDK 11?

To uninstall OpenJDK 11, you can use your package manager to remove the OpenJDK packages installed on your system.

How to install OpenJDK 11 in Linux?

You can install OpenJDK 11 in Linux using package managers like apt or yum, depending on your Linux distribution. For example, on Ubuntu, you can run: `sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk`

How to install Java 11 in Linux command line?

To install Java 11 in Linux via the command line, you can use package managers like apt or yum. For instance, on Ubuntu, you can execute: `sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk`


In this comprehensive guide, you’ve learned how to install OpenJDK 11 on your Linux system and configure your environment for Java development. OpenJDK 11 provides the stability and compatibility you need to run Java applications effectively. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can ensure a smooth installation process and start developing Java projects with confidence.

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