How to Run a Program in Ubuntu?


Ubuntu is a widely used Linux distribution known for its stability and user-friendliness. If you’re new to Ubuntu or simply want to enhance your knowledge, understanding how to run a program is fundamental. In this guide, we’ll take you through the process, covering everything you need to know about executing programs in Ubuntu.

How to Run a Program in Ubuntu?

Running a program in Ubuntu is a straightforward process, and here’s how you can do it:

  1. Accessing the Terminal
    • To run a program in Ubuntu, you’ll often use the Terminal. Press Ctrl + Alt + T to open it. Alternatively, you can search for “Terminal” in the Ubuntu Dash.
  2. Navigating to the Program’s Directory
    • Use the cd command followed by the path to the program’s directory. This step is essential if the program isn’t in a directory that’s in your system’s PATH.
  3. Executing the Program
    • Once you’re in the program’s directory, type the program’s name and press Enter. For example, if the program is called “my_program,” you’d type ./my_program and press Enter.
  4. Providing Command-line Arguments (Optional)
    • Some programs may require additional information when executed. You can provide this information as command-line arguments. For instance, ./my_program -arg1 value1 -arg2 value2.
  5. Understanding Permissions
    • If you encounter a permission issue, you might need to use the chmod command to make the program executable. For example, chmod +x my_program.
  6. Exiting a Program
    • To exit a program, you can typically press Ctrl + C in the Terminal, and it will terminate the program’s execution.

Tips for Smooth Program Execution

Running programs in Ubuntu can be even smoother with these tips:

  • Keep Your System Updated: Ensure your system is up-to-date using the sudo apt update and sudo apt upgrade commands.
  • Check Dependencies: Verify that your program has all the necessary dependencies installed. Use the dpkg or apt commands to manage packages.
  • Use PPA Repositories (if needed): Some software might not be available in the official Ubuntu repositories. In such cases, consider adding a Personal Package Archive (PPA) to access additional software.
  • Explore GUI Alternatives: While the Terminal is powerful, Ubuntu also offers a graphical user interface (GUI) to manage and run programs.


How do I run a program with superuser privileges?

To run a program with superuser privileges, use the sudo command before the program’s name in the Terminal. For example, sudo ./my_program will execute “my_program” with administrative rights.

Can I run Windows programs on Ubuntu?

Yes, you can run some Windows programs on Ubuntu using compatibility layers like Wine or virtualization software like VirtualBox.

What if a program crashes while running?

If a program crashes during execution, you can try running it with debugging tools like gdb to identify and fix the issue.

How can I check the version of a program?

To check the version of a program, you can often use the --version or -V flag. For instance, ./my_program --version or ./my_program -V will display version information.

Can I schedule programs to run automatically?

Yes, you can schedule programs to run automatically in Ubuntu using tools like cron or systemd timers.

What should I do if a program hangs and doesn’t respond?

If a program becomes unresponsive, you can use the kill command to terminate it. Find the program’s process ID (PID) with ps aux | grep program_name and then use kill PID to stop it.

How to run a program in Ubuntu?

To run a program in Ubuntu, open the terminal and type the program’s name or use the application launcher.

How do I write and run a program in Linux?

To write and run a program in Linux, use a text editor to write the code, save it with the appropriate file extension (e.g., .c for C), compile it using a compiler (e.g., gcc), and then execute the compiled binary.

How do you execute a program in Ubuntu?

To execute a program in Ubuntu, open the terminal, navigate to the program’s directory if necessary, and then type “./program_name” (replace “program_name” with the actual name of the program) or use the application launcher.


Running a program in Ubuntu is a fundamental skill for any Linux user. With this guide, you’ve gained valuable insights into the process and learned some essential tips to ensure smooth execution. As you explore Ubuntu further, remember that practice makes perfect. Experiment with different programs, and don’t hesitate to seek help from the vibrant Ubuntu community if you encounter challenges.

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