How to Use Command in Ubuntu Terminal? A Comprehensive Guide


The Ubuntu terminal is a powerful tool that allows users to interact with their system using text-based commands. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user, mastering the command line can significantly enhance your ability to manage your system effectively. In this guide, we’ll explore various commands, techniques, and best practices to help you navigate the Ubuntu terminal like a pro.

How to Use Command in Ubuntu Terminal?

Using commands in the Ubuntu terminal is a fundamental skill that can empower you to perform various tasks efficiently. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of how to use commands in the Ubuntu terminal:

  1. Open the Terminal: To begin, you need to open the terminal. You can do this by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T simultaneously or by searching for “Terminal” in the applications.
  2. Navigate to the Desired Directory: Use the cd command followed by the directory path to navigate to the desired location. For example, to navigate to the “Documents” directory, type cd ~/Documents.
  3. Execute Commands: Once you’re in the desired directory, you can start executing commands. Commands are usually structured as command options arguments. For instance, to list files in the current directory, use the ls command.

Essential Terminal Commands for Ubuntu

Mastering essential terminal commands can streamline your tasks and boost your productivity. Here are some crucial commands every Ubuntu user should know:

  • ls: List files and directories in the current location.
  • cd: Change the current directory.
  • mkdir: Create a new directory.
  • rm: Remove files or directories.
  • cp: Copy files or directories.
  • mv: Move or rename files and directories.
  • nano: Open the nano text editor.
  • grep: Search for a specific pattern in files.
  • chmod: Change file permissions.
  • sudo: Execute commands with superuser privileges.

Understanding how to navigate the file system is essential for efficient terminal usage. Here’s how you can navigate directories:

  1. pwd: Display the current working directory.
  2. ls -l: List files with detailed information.
  3. cd ..: Move to the parent directory.
  4. cd /: Move to the root directory.

Working with Files and Directories

Managing files and directories through the terminal can save you time. Here are some useful commands:

  1. touch: Create an empty file.
  2. cp -r: Copy directories and their contents recursively.
  3. rm -r: Remove directories and their contents recursively.
  4. mv: Move or rename files and directories.

Text Manipulation and Viewing

Text manipulation is another powerful aspect of the terminal. These commands are incredibly useful:

  1. cat: Display the contents of a file.
  2. head: Display the beginning of a file.
  3. tail: Display the end of a file.
  4. grep: Search for text in files using patterns.
  5. wc: Count lines, words, and characters in a file.

File Permissions

Understanding and managing file permissions is vital for system security. Use these commands to control permissions:

  1. chmod: Change file permissions.
  2. chown: Change the owner of a file.
  3. chgrp: Change the group ownership of a file.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do I delete a file using the terminal?

To delete a file, use the rm command followed by the file’s name. For example, to delete a file named “example.txt,” type rm example.txt.

Can I copy a directory and all its contents?

Yes, you can use the cp -r command to copy a directory and its contents. For instance, to copy a directory named “folder” to another location, use cp -r folder destination.

What command can I use to edit a text file?

You can use the nano command to edit a text file directly in the terminal. Simply type nano filename to open the file.

How can I change the permissions of a file?

The chmod command allows you to change file permissions. Use it in the format chmod permissions filename. For example, to give read and write permissions to the owner of a file named “file.txt,” use chmod u+rw file.txt.

Is it possible to search for a specific word within a file?

Yes, the grep command is used to search for specific patterns within files. To search for the word “searchterm” in a file named “file.txt,” type grep "searchterm" file.txt.

How do I navigate back to the home directory quickly?

You can use the cd command followed by the tilde (~) symbol to navigate to the home directory. Just type cd ~.

How to use Linux commands?

Use Linux commands by typing them in the terminal.

What is the basic command of Linux?

The basic command of Linux is “ls” (list files and directories).

What is Linux basic command?

Linux basic commands are essential instructions for interacting with the system.

How to learn Linux commands easily?

Learn Linux commands easily through online tutorials and practice.

How to use command in Ubuntu terminal?

Use commands in the Ubuntu terminal by typing and pressing Enter.

How do I use Linux commands?

You use Linux commands by typing them into the terminal.

How do I practice basic commands in Linux?

Practice basic Linux commands by using them regularly on the terminal.

What are the Linux commands?

Linux commands are instructions used to perform tasks in the Linux operating system.

What is Linux command with example?

An example of a Linux command is “mkdir” which creates a new directory.

Which Linux terminal command?

Please specify the command you’re referring to.

How do I run a command in Linux?

Run a command in Linux by typing it into the terminal and pressing Enter.

Where do I run commands in Linux?

You run commands in Linux within the terminal.

How to use Linux commands in beginners?

For beginners, start with tutorials and gradually practice Linux commands in the terminal.

What is Linux terminal command?

A Linux terminal command is a text-based instruction to perform specific tasks.

How to cmd on Linux?

In Linux, use the terminal to execute commands similar to using the Command Prompt (cmd) in Windows.

What is Linux command command?

Your question is a bit unclear. Could you provide more context?

What is Linux and Linux command?

Linux is an open-source operating system, and Linux commands are instructions to interact with it.

What is Linux and its command?

Linux is an OS, and its commands are textual instructions for performing tasks in the system.

What commands does Linux use?

Linux uses a wide range of commands for various tasks, from file manipulation to system management.

What are the commands for online Linux terminal?

Online Linux terminals use the same commands as local terminals; there’s no difference.

What are some common Linux commands?

Common Linux commands include “cd” (change directory), “ls” (list files), “cp” (copy), “mv” (move), and “rm” (remove).


Mastering the art of using commands in the Ubuntu terminal can greatly enhance your ability to manage your system efficiently. By following the techniques and commands outlined in this guide, you’ll be well-equipped to navigate, manipulate files, and perform various tasks with confidence. Embrace the power of the terminal and elevate your Ubuntu experience!

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