What is the Opposite of bg in Linux?


In the vast realm of Linux command-line utilities, “bg” is a well-known command that plays a pivotal role in managing processes. But have you ever wondered what its opposite is? Join us on this informative journey as we explore the opposite of “bg” in Linux and unravel the intricacies of process management in the Linux environment.

The Basics of “bg”

To understand the opposite of “bg” in Linux, we first need to grasp the fundamentals of the “bg” command itself.

What is “bg” in Linux?

“bg” stands for “background,” and it is a command used to resume a suspended or stopped process in the background, allowing it to continue executing while you regain control of the terminal.

When is “bg” Useful?

  • Long-Running Processes: “bg” is particularly handy when you have processes that take a while to complete, and you want to free up your terminal for other tasks.
  • Multiple Jobs: Linux allows you to run several processes simultaneously, and “bg” helps you manage these jobs efficiently.

How to Use “bg”?

Using “bg” is simple. You just need to type:


followed by the process ID (PID) of the suspended job. This sends the job to the background.

The Opposite of “bg”

Now that we’ve covered the basics of “bg,” it’s time to reveal the opposite of this command.

“fg”: The Opposite of “bg”

The opposite of “bg” in Linux is “fg,” which stands for “foreground.” While “bg” moves a job to the background, “fg” brings a job from the background to the foreground. This means that with “fg,” you can actively interact with a process in your terminal session.

Here’s how you use “fg”:


followed by the PID of the process you want to bring to the foreground. This is particularly useful when you need to provide input or closely monitor a process.

Exploring Process Management in Linux

Understanding the opposite of “bg” is just the beginning. To truly master process management in Linux, it’s essential to explore related concepts and commands.

The “jobs” Command

The “jobs” command is your window into the world of processes running in the background or stopped. By typing:


You can view a list of all jobs associated with your current terminal session, along with their status.

Killing Processes with “kill”

In the Linux environment, sometimes you need to terminate processes. The “kill” command allows you to do this by sending signals to processes. You can specify a process by its PID, ensuring precise control.

Controlling Process Priority with “nice”

The “nice” command is all about process priority. You can use it to adjust the priority of a process, making it run with a higher or lower priority compared to other processes. This can be beneficial for optimizing system performance.


What happens if I don’t specify a PID with “bg” or “fg”?

Without specifying a PID, “bg” and “fg” will operate on the most recently stopped or backgrounded job.

Can I use “fg” and “bg” with multiple jobs at once?

No, “fg” and “bg” are designed to work with one job at a time. You’ll need to issue the command separately for each job.

Is there a limit to the number of processes I can run in the background?

The number of background processes you can run depends on your system’s resources and configuration. Linux allows for a considerable number of background processes.

What signal does “kill” send by default?

By default, the “kill” command sends the TERM (terminate) signal to a process, asking it to terminate gracefully.

How can I find the PID of a specific process?

You can use the “ps” command to list all processes and their PIDs. Use “ps aux | grep <process_name>” to filter for the desired process.

Can I change the priority of a running process with “nice”?

No, “nice” is used to launch a new process with a specified priority level. To change the priority of an already running process, you can use the “renice” command.

What is the opposite of bg in Linux?

The opposite of “bg” in Linux is “fg,” which brings a background process to the foreground.

What is the FG shortcut in Linux?

In Linux, the FG shortcut is “fg,” which stands for “foreground,” used to bring a background process to the foreground.

What is FG and bg command in Linux?

In Linux, “fg” and “bg” are commands used to manage processes. “fg” brings a background process to the foreground, and “bg” sends a foreground process to run in the background.

What is the FG bg process?

The FG-BG process in Linux refers to managing the foreground and background execution of processes using commands like “fg” and “bg” to switch between them.


In the world of Linux, understanding how to manage processes efficiently is essential. While “bg” allows you to move processes to the background, “fg” is its counterpart, bringing them to the foreground. Additionally, commands like “jobs,” “kill,” and “nice” empower you to take control of your Linux system and make the most of its powerful capabilities.

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