Exploring the Distinctions between Linux x64 and ARM Architectures


In the ever-evolving landscape of computer technology, two prominent architectures have stood out: Linux x64 and ARM. These architectures play a pivotal role in powering devices and systems across various domains. However, they cater to different needs and come with their own set of strengths. In this article, we’ll dive deep into the realm of Linux x64 and ARM architectures, shedding light on their differences, applications, and benefits.

What is the Difference between Linux x64 and ARM?

Linux x64 and ARM are two distinct computing architectures, each tailored to specific applications and environments. Let’s explore the key differences between these architectures.

Processing Power and Efficiency

Linux x64: The x64, also known as x86_64, architecture is widely recognized for its robust processing power. It excels in tasks that demand high computational performance, making it a preferred choice for desktops, servers, and data centers. The x64 architecture’s instruction set allows it to execute complex instructions efficiently.

ARM: The ARM architecture, on the other hand, emphasizes energy efficiency without compromising performance. It is commonly found in mobile devices, IoT (Internet of Things) gadgets, and embedded systems. ARM processors are designed to perform well while consuming minimal power, extending battery life and enabling portable devices to function optimally.

End-User Devices

Linux x64: Devices utilizing Linux x64 architecture are typically PCs, laptops, workstations, and servers. Its superior processing capabilities make it suitable for resource-intensive tasks such as video editing, gaming, and scientific simulations.

ARM: ARM architecture dominates the world of mobile devices, including smartphones and tablets. Its power-efficient design is tailored to the demands of these devices, allowing them to run smoothly while maximizing battery life.

Operating Systems and Compatibility

Linux x64: The x64 architecture is compatible with a wide range of operating systems, including various flavors of Linux, Windows, and macOS. This compatibility stems from its prevalence in desktop and server environments.

ARM: ARM-based devices commonly run mobile operating systems such as Android and iOS. Additionally, ARM architecture supports several Linux distributions designed for embedded systems.

Software Ecosystem

Linux x64: The x64 architecture benefits from a mature software ecosystem with an extensive library of applications, tools, and software packages. This is due to its popularity in traditional computing environments.

ARM: ARM architecture has gained momentum in the mobile and IoT domains, resulting in a growing software ecosystem. While not as extensive as x64, ARM’s ecosystem is rapidly expanding to cater to diverse application needs.

Performance vs. Power Trade-off

Linux x64: With its focus on high performance, the x64 architecture may consume more power compared to ARM. This trade-off is acceptable in scenarios where performance takes precedence over energy efficiency.

ARM: ARM’s design prioritizes energy efficiency, making it ideal for devices where battery life is critical. While ARM processors might not match the raw performance of x64 processors, they excel in scenarios where power conservation is paramount.

Exploring Use Cases: Where Each Architecture Shines

Linux x64 Use Cases

  • Server Environments: Linux x64 architecture is the go-to choice for hosting servers, whether they are powering websites, databases, or cloud services. Its performance prowess ensures smooth server operations even under heavy workloads.
  • Scientific Computing: Complex simulations, data analysis, and scientific research heavily rely on the computational power of Linux x64 architecture. It enables researchers to process massive datasets and perform intricate calculations.
  • Gaming and Graphics: Gamers and multimedia enthusiasts benefit from the x64 architecture’s ability to handle graphics-intensive tasks. Modern games and graphics software require substantial processing capabilities, which x64 processors provide.

ARM Use Cases

  • Mobile Devices: ARM architecture is ubiquitous in smartphones and tablets, thanks to its power efficiency. Users enjoy extended battery life without compromising on device performance.
  • IoT Devices: The proliferation of IoT devices, from smart thermostats to wearable gadgets, is attributed to ARM’s energy-efficient design. These devices perform adequately while consuming minimal energy.
  • Embedded Systems: ARM’s compact footprint and low power consumption make it suitable for embedded systems used in automotive, industrial automation, and healthcare devices.

Advantages of Linux x64 and ARM Architectures

Advantages of Linux x64:

  • Raw Processing Power: Linux x64 architecture delivers unparalleled processing power, ideal for resource-intensive tasks.
  • Compatibility: Its compatibility with various operating systems makes it versatile and widely adopted.
  • Software Support: A vast software ecosystem ensures access to a wide range of applications and tools.
  • Multitasking: Linux x64 systems handle multitasking with ease, making them suitable for demanding work environments.

Advantages of ARM:

  • Energy Efficiency: ARM’s low power consumption is perfect for devices that require prolonged battery life.
  • Compact Design: ARM’s compact architecture is well-suited for embedded systems with limited physical space.
  • Scalability: ARM architecture scales efficiently from simple microcontrollers to powerful processors.
  • Diversity: ARM powers a diverse range of devices, from smartwatches to industrial equipment.


Can I run traditional desktop applications on ARM-based devices?

Yes, many ARM-based devices support running traditional desktop applications through compatibility layers and emulation software.

Which architecture is more suitable for a home server?

Linux x64 architecture is preferable for home servers due to its robust performance, allowing efficient hosting of various services.

Are ARM-based laptops as powerful as those with x64 processors?

ARM-based laptops are becoming more powerful, but they might not match the processing capabilities of x64 laptops designed for intensive tasks.

Can I upgrade the processor of an ARM-based device?

Most ARM-based devices have soldered or integrated processors, making it challenging to upgrade the processor like in some x64 systems.

Is software developed for one architecture compatible with the other?

In most cases, software must be compiled specifically for the target architecture, meaning that software developed for x64 might not run on ARM and vice versa.

Are there any ARM-based supercomputers?

Yes, ARM-based supercomputers have emerged, showcasing the architecture’s capability in high-performance computing while maintaining energy efficiency.

Is ARM64 the same as x64?

No, ARM64 and x64 (also known as x86-64) are different processor architectures.

What is the difference between Linux x64 and ARM?

The main difference lies in the processor architecture: x64 is for Intel/AMD processors, while ARM is for mobile and embedded devices.

Is Ubuntu ARM or x86?

Ubuntu supports both ARM and x86 architectures, but it depends on the specific version and variant you’re using.

What is the difference between Linux x64 and aarch64?

Linux x64 is for Intel/AMD 64-bit processors, while AArch64 is for 64-bit ARM processors, differing in architecture.

What is the difference between Linux ARM and Linux X64?

The difference is in the processor architecture: ARM is designed for ARM processors, while x64 is for Intel/AMD processors.

What is ARM vs ARM64 Linux?

ARM typically refers to 32-bit ARM architecture, while ARM64 (or AArch64) refers to the 64-bit ARM architecture for Linux systems.

What is the difference between Linux x64 and Linux ARM64?

The key distinction lies in the processor architecture: x64 is for Intel/AMD CPUs, while ARM64 is for 64-bit ARM processors in Linux environments.


In the realm of computing, the choice between Linux x64 and ARM architectures hinges on specific use cases and requirements. While Linux x64 shines in performance-intensive scenarios, ARM’s energy-efficient design suits mobile devices and embedded systems. Both architectures contribute significantly to technological advancements, enabling innovation across various domains.

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